I have taken the following information straight from the website to ensure the medical terminology is explained well and understood just in case, you or someone you know comes across a child who just doesn’t seem to be presenting well with their vision.
Why is early treatment for childhood glaucoma so important?
Prognosis without treatment is poor. In children under the age of 3 or 4 years, in addition to progressive loss of vision due to damage to the optic nerve, the eye with elevated pressure expands, becoming very large. That doesn’t happen in adults. This enlargement can lead to changes in refractive error (poor focusing of the visual image on the retina, or film that lines the back of the eye), changes in the shape and clarity of the cornea (the transparent covering of the front of the eye that assists with focusing of the visual image), and to other secondary causes of poor vision. Disturbance of the visual image sent from the eye to the brain in a young child will result in amblyopia (“lazy eye”), a condition in which the eye fails to develop normal vision. This can be permanent if not aggressively treated. That’s why it’s so important for parents to be aware of the signs of childhood glaucoma.
What are the signs and symptoms of childhood glaucoma?
Glaucoma can occur in one or both eyes. While most adults with glaucoma have no symptoms, babies and young children with glaucoma may display the following signs:
- Excessive tearing, called epiphora
- Light sensitivity
- Excessive eye blinking, called blepharospasm, particularly in bright light
- Red, irritated eyes
- Large or bulging eyes, particularly noticeable when glaucoma occurs in only one eye”
If you have something to share about a child you know with glaucoma or associated conditions (such as Sturge Weber syndrome), please share in this learning space. We welcome your insight.